social empowerment programmes in india

social empowerment programmes in india

• Introduction of social empowerment programs in India. 5t14 
• Flagship programs are mainly launched for 
(i) Rural India (ii) Women 
(iii) Children (v) Employment 
• Rural schemes for social infrastructure and productive employment.
 • Different schemes like Boa Bachao. Bed Padhao. Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls aims for the development of girls. 
• Integrated Chad Development Service (ICDS) scheme It,- children. 
• Different employment programs to provide basic employment

Welfare schemes or social empowerment programs were not part of the modem era, they were also part of the ancient Mauryan Empire. This national plan was launched in ancient, medieval and pre-modern times. This highlights the fact that the empowerment of poor, marginalized people is rooted in our culture to ensure that law, equality, and harmony are maintained in society. Although social empowerment projects were few in number and different in character, the British continued.

After independence, the nature of the Indian economy, society had completely changed due to the exploitative nature of British rule. Rural India, once self-sufficient, was financial, poverty-stricken and diseased. There were other factors that led to rural India, women, children and unemployed youth being marginalized.

India has adopted a mixed economy, in which the state has taken initiative for the development of the people. The initiative included the establishment of a Planning Commission which was the nodal agency for major programming. To review the performance of the flag program, the flagship program will be selected in four responses, such as 
(i) rural development projects 
(ii) child welfare projects 
(iii) women empowerment projects in the Indian economy. 
(iv) employment projects, strengthening alignment does.


Rural development project


The development of rural India is essential for inclusive and equitable development and to unlock the enormous potential of people currently living in poverty with its associated scarcity. Rural projects are mostly involved in social infrastructure and profitable and productive employment. The origins of the rural development program began in 2002 with the Community Development Program (CDP) and played an important role in raising and rebuilding the standard of living of rural India.

But various factors such as lack of clearly defined priorities, eliminating the benefits of rich and large farmers, lack of coordination between different development departments, administrative inefficiency have clouded the implementation of the entire CDP.

Integrated Rural Development Program likes CDP's next Rural Development Program, National Rural Employment Program, TRYSEM, Jawahar Rozgar Yojana, Antyodaya Program, Drought-affected Area Program. Desert Development Program, Swarn Jayanti Gram Swarojgarh Yojana started. These programs have yielded mixed results and prove the inefficiency of any crisis that rural India still faces. It is worth reviewing some of the major projects underway to analyze the reasons behind this national crisis.

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) is a precise wage-based employment program that has also created a web-enabled management information system to ensure transparency and accountability for the successful implementation of MNREGA in order to enhance livelihood protection. Further, it succeeded in providing employment during the thin months, increased rural utilization, helped create sustainable resources for agriculture, etc.

The National Rural Livelihood Mission seeks to reach out to all rural poor families and organize them into SHGs.

The Prime Minister's Rural Communication Project also includes sustainable measures for better rural communication, utilizing locally available construction materials such as waste plastic, fly ash, cold, mix technology. A good road should go to a good house, so the government has targeted 'shelter for all' through the Indira Awas Yojana.

Apart from these, the National Social Assistance Program (Social Security) started the Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushal Yojana (Skill Development), Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Village Jyoti Yojana (Rural Electrification).

Women Empowerment Project

IMF chief Christine Legard said that "India's GDP could expand to 2 27% of its female workforce, the number of men could rise to the same level" as women in the Vedic period enjoyed equal power. However, since Vedic, they have been subdued, deprived of rights, upset and so on. In this regard, the Ministry of Child and Women's Development took the lead in promoting empowered women living in dignity and contributing equally to the development of the environment. From violence and discrimination.


The discrimination against children begins before women are born (infanticide) Betty Raklin came to protect them after discrimination in healthcare, education, etc. Betty Paulino came up with a dual purpose that could not only improve the hostile sex ratio. To ensure that girls are educated.



Lack of nutrition, iron deficiency is a common occurrence among adolescent girls in India. The goal of Rajiv Gandhi Yojana's empowerment of adolescent girls is to promote the overall development of adolescents. The Sukanya Prosperity Account Savings Scheme was launched to protect the future of the girl child, which is aimed at the parents of the girl child, which is part of the Betty Save Betty Padua campaign.


One-Stop Center, a sub-project of the National Mission for Empowerment! To support women affected by violence, women, families, communities, and workplaces in India, many women face problems like natural women surviving natural disasters, or women released from prison due to socio-economic, cultural, economic environment have to do. In addition, many women are trafficked. Therefore, the freedom project comes to the rescue of poor women and the talented to prevent trafficking

Child welfare project

Children between 0-6 years form the future human resource of the country. The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme for Primary Child Care and Development is the largest and unique program in the world. It is the biggest symbol of the nation's commitment to its infants and nursing mothers in response to the challenge of providing pre-informal education and breaking the cruel cycle of malnutrition, mobility, lack of education and death potential. other.

To maintain, maintain, and increase enrollment, as well as to improve nutritional levels in infants. The Mid-Day Mill scheme was launched where all children are served hot-cooked meals regardless of their color, complexion, writing, Nelson Mandela said "Education is the most powerful weapon you can use to change the world." can do". This goal is realized through the Sam Flame Campaign (SSA), an opportunity to develop human skills for all children through a universal primary education program. The National Child Labor Project aims to eliminate child labor from hazardous conditions and specific occupations and processes.

Employment projects

India is called an opportunity for stability and a place of opportunity. The demographic dividend is a blessing in India's development. But these will be realized only when the youth will be employed and will also be productive and profitable. The demand for employment has increased due to changes in the agricultural economy and increasing educational opportunities. Employment programs in India are successful in providing basic employment and fulfilling the emerging aspirations of the youth during dismal seasons.


The Prime Minister Employment Generation Program is a credit-linked subsidy program initiated by the Ministry of Micro-Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) to generate employment in both rural and urban areas of the country.


Mahatma Gandhi aims to build a better India with the objective of achieving National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, National Rural Livelihoods Mission, National Urban Livelihoods Mission, and Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana. Similarly, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Rural Strategic Scheme is a project to engage rural youth in gainful employment through skills training programs of people from BPL and SC / ST departments.

India is a country of diversities. Through color, this diversity is opposed. India's common trait resurrects for skilled/registered labor, obesity, and malnutrition among the richest and poorest, richest, most skilled research-based scientists. Thus, welfare projects are directed to reduce these disparities. Accordingly, decentralized projects should be decentralized for welfare projects to be effective and result-oriented.

To ensure accountability and transparency, the use of information technology through e-governance programs will go a long way towards improving service delivery. And last but not least, citizens should be involved in all welfare schemes, from planning to implementation, monitoring, and evaluation.

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