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Wednesday, 20 November 2019

November 20, 2019

Unemployment in India report :

Unemployment in India report: How Modi govt wants Data Manipulation! | Analysis by Dhruv Rathee

Some people will say this glass is half full. Others would say it is half empty. it is said that it depends on your point of view. Are you a positive thinker or a negative thinker? 

Unemployment in India report :

But those are the interesting people who, see this glass as half full too! 

Unemployment in India report :

Such a half positive person is our Jaggi Ji. Jaggi Ji thinks that record unemployment in our country today is a half positive event. Why? 

He says, "higher unemployment rate indicates that more people are now looking for work". Which means according to him it is a good thing. a half positive thing. I did not understand the logic, but according to it, if there are famines in our country, then that would mean more people are trying to find ways to get out of the famine. So this would be half positive too! If we have more poverty in our country, that would mean more people are trying to get out of poverty.
Unemployment in India report :
This will be a half positive thing too. The new report of NSSO revealed shocking data on unemployment. Friends, today the unemployment in our country is the worst in the last 45 years. The unemployment rate has now broken all records and is at 6.1%. 
If you compare it with the historical data of NSSO like you can see in this chart, You will see the bad condition it is in. If you breakdown the youth unemployment, You will see that unemployment in the urban areas is worse than in the rural areas. 

Unemployment in India report :

The youth unemployment rate among urban males is 18.7% currently. And among the urban females, it is 27.2%. These terrifying data have shocked everyone. So it is obvious that questions were asked about the authenticity of NSSO. And about the accuracy and trustworthiness of the report. NSSO is the National Sample Survey Office. 

This is a large department under the Ministry of Statistics. Which works to collect data and conduct large scale surveys across the country. They conduct surveys on factories and jobs. The survey on jobs was conducted once in every five years till 2012-13. After which the Government decided that it should be conducted every year. According to which the latest report is based on the data of 2017-18. The survey before this was conducted in 2012-13. 

The comparison that you can see here, It was 6.1% in 2017-18, before which the data is of 2012-13. This new survey was conducted from July 2017 to July 2018, and in December 2018, the report was finalized. Friends of these surveys are 'household surveys'. This means that the employees of NSSO visit the households to ask for the employment status of the members of the family. More than 1 lakh households across all the states in the country were surveyed. It included all the people from the various social and economic categories

Unemployment in India report :

It included people from all walks of life. Overall it can be said that historically the reports of NSSO, were the best indicators regarding the unemployment in the country. In fact, I would say it is the most trustable source of data. The reason for this is very simple. It is because most of the jobs in our country are in the informal sectors. 90%% of jobs are said to be in the informal sector. And if we use data from any other source, such as EPFO or some data of a company, we neglect all these informal jobs. So the easiest and the most trustable method to check is surveying the households in a sample size. 

Surveying each household about the employment status in the family, the number of people unemployed and employed. And based on that we can draw conclusions about the actual status in the country. Friends, I am not the only one saying this, The Chairman of our Prime Minister's Economic Advisory Council, Bibek Debroy said the exact same thing that, NSSO is the best method to measure unemployment. In India, a large part of employment is still self-employed. It is still in the area of the unorganized sector, it is still in the informal sector. 

Therefore the enterprise surveys do not tell us anything significant. The only sensible way we can get the data on the jobs and employment is through household surveys, which is what the NSSO does. In 2017 when Modi Government was blamed for the growth in joblessness in our country. People are not getting jobs in our country. So friends, in June 2017 Modi Government decided that to calculate employment, a new method should be created because the method which was used was termed 'wrong'. So the Modi government created a task force. to develop a new method to calculate employment. 

This task force was led by the then Vice-Chairman of Niti Aayog, Arvind Panagariya. In June 2017, Arvind Ji gave an interview to Hindustan Times where he said: "the best and the most extensive survey is by the NSSO and it is the most reliable one". "Its frequency is very low and that's why I propose to conduct the survey every year." You can see now that the people appointed by the Modi Government itself say that NSSO is the most trustable and the most reliable data. NSSO is a Department under the Ministry which is under the Government. 

Unemployment in India report :

Our Government can manipulate this survey and the data. How can this be prevented? To prevent this, in 2005, a new independent body was created NSC. National Statistical Commission. NSC was supposed to check and approve the surveys, data, and reports of NSSO. Because NSC is an autonomous and independent body, there was no influence on the Government. 

This is why NSC could independently check if the NSSO surveys were unbiased and correct. NSC was doing this job until now. The problem that arose is that this report shows the failure of the Modi Government. That they failed to provide jobs If the report went public, it would have meant an insult for them. So our Government's Ministry did not let this report be released. 

Although this report was checked, approved and finalized by the NSC. Still, they did not let is be released. So you would ask how did we get this information. We got this information through a journalist, Somesh Jha. Somesh Jha is a journalist at the Business Standard. 

Who used his own sources to access this report and revealed the data publically to everyone. Obviously, friends NSC's independent members did not like that the Government is hiding this data. And wants to hide the truth from the people. So the members of NSC asked why the independent body was needed in that case, if the Government wants to manipulate the data they can do so themselves they do not need the NSC members. 

Unemployment in India report :

This was the reason why two of the independent members of NSC resigned. NSC has posts for seven members. Three of the posts were anyhow empty. Two members resigned now, and the remaining two are members of the Government, one is the CEO of Niti Aayog and the other is the Chief Statistician. Both of them are members of the Government. Which means that the NSC is not an independent body anymore. Another institution was destroyed by the Modi Government. 

That's my opinion. Similar to the crises in the Supreme Court, CBI, and RBI last year. Now the National Statistical Commission is going through the same thing. The independence of the institutions is being ended. It is very clearly evident. I am saying this is my opinion but even you can clearly see what's happening here. Only two members remain in the NSC. Both of whom are members of the Government. 

The two members who resigned from NSC also claim that there were disagreements between them and the Central Government about the data on GDP. as well as on the data of the Labour Force Survey. You can see that the Government was interfering and trying to manipulate all the data. When journalist Somesh Ji publicly revealed the data, all the members of our Government started defending this and making excuses for it. 

The first person that was sent to defend the Government was the Vice Chairman of Niti Aaron, Rajiv Kumar. In the beginning, he seemed very confused. This report that is being cited and the data that is being cited is not yet been finalized and approved by the Government. Who else will approve it? I suppose the Cabinet will approve it. "Cabinet Sir?' I don't know. I.. My honest answer is that I don't know. How can we reveal that to you? 'Because the report is with you.' But we don't have it. 

Unemployment in India report :

If we had the final report, I would have told you. Then the Chief of the Niti Aayog was sent who started citing the data of Ola and Uber. He talked about the growth in Ola and Uber and how it is a new source of employment. In 2014, Ola had 37,000 registered partner drivers across 20 states. Now they have a million registered partner drivers.... and Uber has over 1.2 million registered... Ola and Uber, both have created about 2 million employment. You can say about 15-20% maybe. Meanwhile, Piyush Goyal Ji gave an interview where he said that the nature of jobs has changed. 

Which is why the NSSO report does not have credible data. Whereas the BJP members tweet urging people to check the data of EPFO, Mudra Loans, to see the number of employment generated. Friends all these people are citing all these sources, I would like to tell you that the NSSO survey is a household survey. All the various types of households, sectors, and jobs were covered in the survey. Whether it was Ola, Uber, EPFO, Mudra Loan or any kind of self-employment. 
Unemployment in India report :

All the kinds of employment were covered before compiling this data. On the other hand, Jaitley Ji says that this was only the draft, not the finalized report. But even that is not the truth, Somesh Ji clearly said that this report was finalized by the NSC. It does not need Government approval, the Government is simply stopping it from being released. It is being said that the Government will release a new NSSO report which will show a growth in employment. 

I do not have any doubt, the Government might do it. Because the NSC is not independent anymore. They are the Government's members and can manipulate the data as they wish. This was the story of unemployment and unemployment data in our country. According to me, there is no doubt that our country is going through one of the worst job crisis. 

I would like to say this, even if you already have a job, it is still terrible that there is a job crisis in our country. Because if many people are after one job, and you are employed somewhere, if you are treated wrong or you need a salary hike, you cannot demand that, because there is a risk that your employer may hire someone else at a lower salary. Overall, 

I am trying to say that it is a terrible thing for all of us that joblessness has increased so much in our country. Whether you are employed or unemployed. I would like to share the possible solutions for this in another blog. After analyzing data of the other countries, consulting experts. 

I would like to thank Somesh Ji very much, I talked to him and asked him all my doubts. He contributed a lot towards making this blog. Share this blog so that people know the actual situation of our country. If you like my work and want to support me, you can do so at So that I can make more such blog for you in the future. We shall meet in the next blog friends. Thank You! 

Analysis by Dhruv Rathee✌

Tuesday, 19 November 2019

November 19, 2019

International Men's Day

International Men's Day

International Men's Day

Hey, you guys I hope you're all well. So November 19th was International Men's Day which is kind of like International Women's Day but without all the virtue signaling, number one trending hashtags and adoring global media coverage. 

Nevertheless, International Men's Day soldiers on as a day to appreciate all the good blokes in our lives and to recognize the many, many, many wonderful achievements of men. Just like International Women's Day, International Men's Day also serves as an occasion to recognize many of the problems and disadvantages that a lot of men face. Take for example homelessness.

 According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, 59 percent of homeless people in Australia are men. Similarly in the USA just under 61 percent of the homeless of men. Or take male suicide rates. In Australia, 75 percent of suicides were men averaging out at one every four hours. That's six men taking their own lives every day. 

Then, of course, there is the very very taboo topic of male victims of domestic violence. Again according to the ABS one in three victims of domestic violence are male yet that quite significant statistic receives zero attention from the media and not a hint of government-directed programs to address the problem

Or how about the fact that fewer men than women graduate from high school and university, or the fact that 99 percent of military deaths and at least 95 percent of workplace deaths are men. Men work all the worst most dangerous jobs, they work the longest hours, they pay most of the tax they take less out of the welfare system than women do and they even die several years earlier on average than women. 

Given these rather dire statistics, it would seem fair enough that like we do on International Women's Day for women's issues, we use November 19th as an opportunity to shine a light on some of these rather serious issues that men face and try to -- you know to address them. 

That to the rational thinking person would seem perfectly reasonable, after all, we're all human beings and all deserving of recognition and compassion for that which makes us suffer regardless of gender, race, sexuality, etc. 

Right? Well not according to the left-wing dominated mainstream media who don't say boo about International Men's Day and certainly not to feminist thought leaders and their adherence. It's not so much that they ignore the day instead they bear a strange and very distinct animosity towards it. 

They use it as an opportunity to make fun of men, make fun of men's rights activists and really make fun of anyone who even thinks of suggesting that men have anything less than an easy ride through this life. This marks the difference between feminists and says men's rights activists. MRAs are generally perfectly happy to have a discussion about women's rights and indeed support women's rights. 

Their goal is simply to gain recognition for men's issues and work towards solving them. Feminists, on the other hand, will not have a bar of men's rights or men's issues and demonize anyone who does as a misogynist, a rape apologist or whatever another derogatory term is in vogue at the time. 

Now this strange feminist animosity used to really mystify me and still mystifies a lot of people. However, after a lot of thinking about it so you don't have to, I believe I have worked it out and so in honor of International Men's Day I am going to attempt to explain it. - Please explain - The third-wave feminist narrative rests in large part upon the concept of "male privilege". A conspiracy theory asserts that men namely white men are inherently privileged over women by virtue of nothing but their gender. Feminists argue that we live in a patriarchy and that there is an imbalance of power that favors men. 

When asked to explain this feminist generally bring up the oft debunked wage gap - (Shoe0nHead) The wage gap is simply the average earnings of men and women working full-time it does not count for different job positions, hours work or different jobs it has nothing to do with the same job it has nothing to do with discrimination. - Or the fact that the vast majority of CEOs, politicians and other high-paying powerful jobs are occupied by men. 

Really actually it's just those two things they base the theory on other than occasional claims of something called male entitlement which when you get them talking about it is actually extremely subjective. Nevertheless, feminists are noisy enough about these things to convince the intellectually sub-par that their argument actually has some basis in truth. 

This attitude ties into the Marxist theory that one group has power over another with the less powerful group necessitating a violent revolution to topple the powerful. In the context of Karl Marx, this was the bourgeoisie versus the proletariat. Through a feminist prism however it is the oppressor men versus the oppressed women. Feminists believe that men no matter their station in life inherently oppress women simply by existing. 

Now, this attitude breeds a violently tribal mentality as evidenced by their denigration and attempts to punish women who are not feminists or simply disagree with some feminist principles. Take Australian feminist Clementine Ford's opinion of women who aren't feminists. - Women who sneer at feminism because they need men to know how much they love them have no idea how quickly those same men will turn on them the moment they step out of line. Have some *bleep* self-respect. 

I know this will rile some people up but #sorrynotsorry because it's bloody true. Also, this is specifically aimed at women who argue that feminism is a man-hating movement and that they don't hate men they love them and think they're just wonderful. - In other words, if you're not with us against the vile male oppressors there's something wrong with you, you're against us and you're a gender traitor. 

Now this assertion from Clementine and others like her is obviously very juvenile and demonstrates an inability to think critically but for some reason, that's where they're at. The problem with the conspiracy theory of male privilege is that actually has very little basis in fact. Male privilege is based on what's known as the apex fallacy. 

That is the notion that the experiences of those at the top end of an identity group are representative of the experiences of all members of that group. So while feminists will argue that white men are privileged because they make up the ranks of the most economically privileged that is a tiny percentage of men and is in no way an accurate representation of the experiences of men at large. 

I'm going to let Jordan Peterson explain this one he does it much better than I do. - In what sense is our society male-dominated? - The fact that the vast majority of wealth is owned by men, the vast majority of capital and is owned by men, women do more unpaid labor - A very tiny proportion of men and a huge proportion of people who are seriously disaffected are men, most people in prison are men, most people who are on the street are men, most victims of violent crime are men, most people who commit suicide are men, most men -- most people who die in wars are men, people who do worse in school are men. 

It's like where's the dominance here precisely? What you're doing is you're taking tiny substrata of hyper-successful men and using that to represent the entire structure of the -- of Western society. There's nothing about that's vaguely appropriate. - This Marxist prism of the oppressor versus the oppressed or the battle of the bourgeoisie and the proletariat necessarily dictates that there is only so much equality to go around and that in order to take it one group has to cede power so to speak whether voluntarily or by force. 

Now unlike conservatives and libertarians, who think in terms of the individual and the limitless potential of that individual to make something of themselves with the right choices and a few luck feminists believe that people succeed and fail as a pack, rather than as singular people. That's why they're so set on quotas and equality of outcome rather than equality of opportunity and merit. 

International Men's Day

If you don't believe in the concept of the individual as the ultimate source of success then, of course, you're going to think equality of outcome is a good idea. After all, it doesn't matter what the individual puts in it's what the pack out of it that's important. So the feminist idea of success is decorating corporate boards and political parties, the police force, etc with an equal number of women to men regardless of their merit it's all about how things look and how everything seems on the surface, not about substance.

Now this brings me to the real reason feminists feel such flagrant animosity towards not just International Men's Day but men's rights in general. Because they are so steeped in this Marxist notion that there is only so much equality to go around they genuinely believe that men's rights and women's rights cannot exist in tandem. 

They believe that if the so-called oppressor gets even so much as a look in and that knocks back the rights of the allegedly oppressed. They genuinely feel that any discussion of men's issues necessarily detracts from women's issues regardless of the fact that women's issues get infinitely more time and sympathy in the mainstream cultural arena than men's issues. 

To the casual observer, this feminist mindset is quite clearly ludicrous, like they live in fantasy land. It's like they believe that they're in Harry Potter and that they're the terrified desperate Hogwarts students trying valiantly to overthrow the Death Eaters When really they're in Daddy Daycares the bratty unruly children running around while Eddie Murphy or rational thinking people try desperately to placate and clean up after them all the while hoping that eventually they'll run out of steam and take a nap. But it does explain their defensiveness whenever International Men's Day rolls around. 

It's easy to roll your eyes at their delusion but really I think we should pity them. Can you imagine having got yourself into such a state of depression and self-loathing that you have actually constructed and are living out this Marxist horror story? It must be awful living as someone whose entire existence is based on a lie. So if you haven't already -- take a moment to acknowledge all the good men in your life. 

They go through more than they let on. Women have issues and so do men. If we want to make a better world it's very important to remember that addressing them is not mutually exclusive. If you liked this blog please remember to like, share, leave me a comment and if you really really liked it thankyou.

Saturday, 16 November 2019

November 16, 2019

Biography of Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda was born on 12th January 1863 was born in Kolkata. His father's name was Vishwanath Dutt and his mother's name was Bhuvaneshwari Devi. Before he became a hermit his name was Narenranath Dutt. And he was also known as Naren. His family was well known for wealth, tradition large-heartedness and was scholarly. Vishwanath Dutt was Attorney at Law at Kolkata's high court. 

He used to practice law at the Kolkata high school. He was a thinker. A person who was extremely kind. He had a great deal of empathy towards the poor. He had an emotional and constructive perspective on religious and social matters. Bhuvaneshwari Devi was a very simple and affectionate lady. His father believed in western culture. He wanted to educate his son Narendra in English.. ..and make him follow the western culture. Narendra was always very sharp. And his interest lied in God and spirituality. Hence he joined the Brahma society first. But he didn't find peace there. In the meanwhile, he had graduated in BA from Kolkata University. And started preparing for the law exam. At this time he met lots of people.. clear his religious and spiritual doubts. But he didn't find any answers to his doubts anywhere. 

One day one of his relatives took him to Ramkrishna Paramhansa. Swami Ramakrishna Paramhans asked Narendra as soon as he saw him. Can you sing a hymn? Narendra said. Yes, I can. Then Narendra sang a couple of hymns in his melodious voice. Swami Paramhans was really pleased with his hymns. From that time Narendra started singing hymns for Swami Paramhans. And became his disciple. He had become a staunch follower of the Veda theology. Between 1887 and 1892 Swami Vivekanand lived a life of anonymity. After performing penance in a life of solitude he went on a tour of India. Swami Paramhans left for the heavenly abode on 16th August 1886. Swami Vivekanand wanted to make an important contribution to the propaganda of Veda and Yoga in the western culture. 

He was a famous and impactful guru of the Vedas. His real name was Narendra Nath Dutt. He had represented the Hindu ideology at the world religious conference held at Chicago in 1893. India's Vedas managed to reach every country of America and Europe. thanks to Swami Vivekanand. He established the Ram Krishna mission and it is doing its work even today. He was Swami Ramkrishna Parmamhans's well qualified and talented disciple. 

He is known for starting the speech he made in the US with the line my dear American brothers and sisters. Swami Vivekanand has mentioned Pawhari Baba at various places in his speech and writing. Pahari means someone who feeds on air. A well-known fact about Pawhari Baba was that he wouldn't eat anything. He was really impressed by this weird sage and he also penned Pawhari Baba's biography. Pahari Baba used to live in a cave. 

He would meditate in the cave for days and months on end. No one knows what he uses to eat during that long period. That's why people named him Pawhari Baba. Pahari meant someone who feeds on air. Someone who spends his life only by consuming air. The speech made by Swami Vivekananda at the world religious conference in Chicago. Swami Vivekananda made a really discussed speech at Chicago at the world religious conference on 11 December 1893. Whenever people talk about him this speech of his most certainly discussed. 

His speech read. Get up. Wake up and don't stop till you achieve your goal. I teach love and love the only and my teaching is based on the great facts of the Vedas which enlighten us about equality and completeness of the soul. Success has three important aspects. Purity, patience, and determination. But what's above everything is love. We need an educated which develops the character develops the mental powers, expands our knowledge and which makes us able enough to be independent. Explain to yourself and explain it to others. 

Call out to the soul that's asleep. And see how it comes to life. When a dormant soul comes to life..'ll achieve power, progress, goodness. Everything. My ideologies can be expressed in these words only. Humankind should use divinity at every step of the age. We strive to get more in life because of power only. And this makes us commit sins and invite sorrow. Weakness is the reason for sins and sorrows. Weakness opens the door for ignorance. And ignorance opens the door for sorrow. 

If you have faith in 33 crore Gods and Goddesses but not in your own self then you cannot attain salvation. Have faith in yourself. Stay dogged and become strong. This is what we need. The maxim of Swami's ideologies is inspired by a mantra of the Kath Upanishad. 

Swami Vivekananda is known as the greatest philosopher and spiritual leader of the 20th century for his fearless courage, his positive exhortations to the youth. 

"In a day, when you don't come across any problems - you can be sure that you are traveling in a wrong path "

"In a day when you don't come across any problems - you can be sure that you are traveling in a wrong "

"The greatest religion is to be true to your own nature. Have faith in yourselves." 

"Dare to be free, dare to go as far as your thought leads, and dare to carry that out in your life. " 

"Anything that makes weak - physically, intellectually and spiritually, reject it as poison." 

"Be not afraid of anything. You will do Marvelous work. it is Fearlessness that brings Heaven even in a moment." 

"arise, awake, stop not until your goal is achieved." 

"We are what our thoughts have made us; so take care about what you think. Words are secondary. Thoughts live; they travel far. "

 "You cannot believe in God until you believe in yourself." 

"Strength is Life, Weakness is Death. Expansion is Life, Contraction is Death. Love is Life, Hatred is Death." 

Thursday, 14 November 2019

November 14, 2019

Biography of Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin 

This month is the 200th anniversary of the birth of one of the most influential thinkers in science history Charles Darwin developed the theory of how living things develop from simpler organisms over long periods of time that theory is known as evolution through natural selection how do new kinds of life come into existence for much of recorded history people have believed that organisms were created few people believe that living things changed what process could make such change possible these were some of the questions Charles Darwin asked himself over years of research in botany zoology and geology he was not the first person to ask them his own grandfather Erasmus.

Darwin believed that species evolved and others like the French naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck had proposed ways this could happen but it was Darwin who identified and explained the process natural selection that causes life to evolve Charles Darwin was born in Shrewsbury England on February 12th 1809 his father Robert Darwin was a doctor Charles mother Susannah Darwin was the daughter of the famous Potter Josiah Wedgwood she died when Charles was only 8 years old young Charles was intensely interested in the natural world from an early age but his father wanted him to be a doctor at age 16 Charles was sent to study medicine at the University of Edinburgh but he did not like it he found medical operations especially horrible he later went to Cambridge University his father now hoped that Darwin would become a clergyman but at Cambridge.

Charles continued to follow his own interests there he met John Henslow plant scientist and clergyman the two became friends John Henslow suggested that Charles Darwin take the unpaid position of naturalist for a trip on the British ship HMS Beagle it sailed around the world from 1831 to 1836 the main goal was to make maps of the coastline of South America the British government paid for the voyage but another purpose of the trip was to collect scientific objects from around the world the beagles first stop was one of the cape Verde islands near the coast of Africa there Darwin noted that levels of rock extending high above the sea contained the fossil remains of shells 

he thought that this was evidence that the bottom of the ocean had been lifted up by powerful geological forces over long periods of time the Beagle continued to the coast of South America in Valdivia Chile Darwin experienced an earthquake he collected examples of plants and animals he also collected the fossil remains of animals that had disappeared from the earth but it was on the Galapagos Islands off the coast of Ecuador that Darwin found creatures that made him wonder about how species develop and change there he saw giant tortoises and noted that the reptiles were different on each Island.

he collected Birds each with different beaks later after he had returned to England he would be shocked to find that these very different birds were all finches Darwin found lizards called iguanas that lived on land and ones that fed in the sea Darwin noted that all these species were similar to those found in South America but they all had differences or adaptations that helped them survive in the environment of the Galapagos Islands.

Darwyn sent much of what he collected back to England on other ships the Beagle met along the way by the time he returned to England in October of 1836 he was already a well-known geologist and naturalist within a few years he would be accepted into scientific organizations like the Geological Society and the Royal Society.

 Darwin moved to London to be near other scientists he wrote a new version of the book about his travels he also edited works of others about the things he had collected on his trip Darwin also agreed to write several books including the zoology of the voyage of the HMS Beagle but in 1837 the pressure of the work caused his health to suffer.

he developed problems with his heart Charles Darwin had poor health much of his life he suffered headaches and problems with his skin and stomach no one was able to find out what disease he may have had during his lifetime recently some experts have suggested that he might have become infected with tropical disease other suggest.

Darwin's health problems were caused by conflict in his mind over his theory poor health would later force him to leave London and settle at down house near Kent England Darwin began work on a series of secret notebooks containing his thoughts about the evolutionary process he began to think that animals developed from earlier simpler organisms as early as eighteen 37 he imagined this process as a tree with branches representing new species.

unsuccessful branches ended but successful evolutionary changes continued to form new branches Charles Darwin's personal life was also expanding in 1839 he married Emma Wedgwood his cousin he told her his ideas about how species evolved over time what he called the transmutation of species Emma did not agree with her husband but the two had a strong and happy marriage they had 10 children together 7 of them survived Charles Darwin read widely and sought ideas from other fields of study he was influenced by Thomas Malthus's work an essay on the principle of population written in 1798 Malthus argued that populations are always limited by the food supply Darwin would later say that this work caused him to realize the struggle for limited resources was a fact of life.

He said small changes took place in individual animals changes that help them survive would continue but those that did not would be destroyed the result of this would be the formation of new species the British philosopher Herbert Spencer described this struggle as survival of the fittest but biologists used the term natural selection to describe the evolutionary process Charles Darwin developed his ideas slowly over more than 20 years.

He was concerned that he would lose the support of the scientific community if he revealed it he wrote to his friend botanist Joseph Hooker that speaking about evolution was like confessing a murder it was not until 1858 that Darwin was forced to release his theory to the public another naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace had independently written a paper that contained ideas similar to Darwin's concerning evolution Wallace said reached these ideas from his studies on islands in the western Pacific Ocean with help from Darwin's friends the two naturalists presented a scientific paper to the Linnaean Society of London in July of 1858 at first there was little reaction then in November 1859.

Darwin released the results of all his work on evolution the book was called on the Origin of Species by means of natural selection or the preservation of favored races in the struggle for life it was an immediate success the Origin of Species was praised by many scientists but religious leaders denounced it for them evolution opposed the explanation of creation found in the book of Genesis in the Bible today almost all scientists accept the theory of evolution but many non scientists are unsure about whether humans evolved over millions of years in the United States.

public opinion studies have shown that less than

half the population believes in evolution natural selection does not explain everything about why species evolved Darwin did not know about Gregor Mendel's work on heredity and the discovery of genetics and DNA molecules took place long after his death yet Darwin theorized in a world much different from the one we know that is why scientists today wonder at the depth of his knowledge and the strength of his arguments Charles Darwin died on April 19th, 1882 he was buried at Westminster Abbey in London among other heroes of Britain.

charles darwin
       Charles Darwin theory of evolution 

I welcome in my series and science today we will talk about Charles Darwin's theory of evolution which is essentially the theory of how life came to be on this planet see any species cannot truly be cast as intelligent until it really starts to wonder where it comes from and these are very important philosophically questions and the answers can be very troublesome and there are myriad of answers available from scientific to religious today we will discuss what science has to say on this matter there are many possible hypotheses.

one of which is that life and the universe has existed as we see today in infinite time in the past there is another hypothesis of creationism that some external being has created life at some point in the past and the third hypothesis is rather interesting which says that at some point in the past life started originating or evolving from simple atoms which continued to evolve into much complicated in smart organisms that we see around us

 today let's discuss these hypotheses the infinite past hypothesis seems philosophically troublesome particularly to me that that the universe has always existed just like as we see it today science believes the scientific view is that this is not the case that universe has not existed in the infinite past that it has a specific birth date and that a long time ago there was no earth there was no there were no stars and we'll talk more about this when we talk about the Big Bang in the origin of the universe, for now, this rules out the first hypothesis the second hypothesis is of creationism that at some point in the past in external being which we call God created life.

now it could be true but the problem that I find with it is that it does not really answer how intelligent life comes to be because you see if if an external being created us and the external being is intelligent how does that intelligent being come to be I mean it was he was the god do they have their own guards or do they happen to be around for infinite time in the past so you see it's not clear how intelligent life comes to be in this hypothesis because if God created us who created God and have they been around for the infinite time in the past or do they have their own words the third hypothesis is of evolution and this is very interesting

 it says that it it is not necessary to have an external being or an external creator for life to happen that life can happen with working under the laws of the universe if you take simple atoms that these simple atoms can turn into molecules which can turn into single-celled organisms and then it can evolve slightly over time such that this becomes smarter and smarter and complex and complexes that they eventually become so smart that they one day start to wonder

 where do I come from and that's that is one of the hypothesis that how humans have come to be in this planet today we will discuss that which of these hypothesis science believes is true the mystery of life has been called the mystery of mysteries and today we will try to resolve the mystery we will talk about Charles Darwin and his and his work of lifetime.

which he published in his book the origins of species he went on a voyage around the world for five years and he collected a lot of evidence and we will also discuss the basic insights that led him to his discovery let's talk about the worst before Charles Darwin one of the leading views at the time was that the species were immutable that God had created distinct 

species man and then birds and then and then pigeons and then and then dogs and cats and lions etc and that the species had an order like there were plants and on top of which there were the animals and on top of the animals were the humans and up above the humans were gods in the skies similarly the famous botanist Carl Linnaeus

who was a Swedish botanist he started categorizing these various organisms he started his he led the foundation of the biological nomenclature that we see around and he first categorized the animals into species at a species was a categorized by the set of animals that could breed within themselves and within a species there were a lot of varieties or races now there were still some unanswered questions at that time in people and scientists realized that one of which was that if if God had created species in a particular order why were there so many variety of species

why we're there for example so many pigeons so many various pigeons why were there so many variety of dogs why were there so many we're idea of cares and secondly why could a particular animal be a source by just looking at a particular animal an experienced person could tell that I think this animal was originated in the Middle East why was it that different varieties of species tend to be associated with different locations let's talk about Lamarck so Lamarck proposed a very good idea 

that species were not consonant and that they changed or evolved over time and he primarily focused on two main works one of which was that by using their organs very frequently animals tend to strengthen those organs for example if you use your hand a lot it will grow muscles if if and similarly if you don't use a particular organ and for example if you don't use your eyes for a long time if you live in a dark cave then eventually 

the organs will get aureate and eventually they will they will go away similarly all the acquired the second thing he focused on was that all these characteristics that you acquire over lifetime they are passed on to your children those were the two main things now this work was however slightly incomplete and incorrect for example the first law really is just an exaggeration of saying that by by using a particular organ it strengthens but it doesn't really tell how an organism evolves he also made some wrong assumptions that he

said that organisms have a tendency to move to increase in complexity and move te ladder up in the progress but he it he didn't really answer why organism wanted to progress or wanted to become more complex it is primarily his second law or second world rule that is considered his legacy that characteristics acquired by animals are passed on via heredity to their children Charles Darwin was born in 1809 in England to a very wealthy family and his father wanted to make him become a doctor but he was more inclined to become naturalist. 

he attended Cambridge where he was introduced to the various naturalist at the time and one of which was Paley who argued that because the organs of the human body were so complex that it was probably a good hypothesis to assume that an external being had created us, Darwin, when he graduated even though 

he was supposed to go for further studies he decided to take an offer to go around the world on a research ship HMS speaker HMS Beagle left England in 1831 and it was supposed to go on this research mission for two years but it would not return for five he Darwin was an unpaid naturalist on the ship while on the ship the captain of the ship gave Darwin a very good book called principles of geology that was written by the geologist Charles Lyle Lyle argued that the surface of the earth here was not created by a flood or anything or any catastrophe 

it was created or sculpted over long periods of time and it had gradually evolved over long periods of time so this very idea that the that something changes over time gradually so much that eventually, you don't recognize what it started from this idea had a profound impact on Darwin and his own experiences during the voyage back the geologists theories he the another thing that that astonished Darwin was that the variety of creatures or organisms that he met during his voyage for example in 1835 the bigger landed on the islands of Galapagos in near Chile and the creations of Galapagos really astonished 

Darwin, for example, there were lizards who could swim and these were the only kind of lizards Darwin had ever heard of that could swim and there was a similar variety of lizards that lived on land there were oversized tortoises and which were unique to each Island I mean you could take a look at the eat or toys and you could tell that this particular tortoise comes from this island the other one comes from that Island and in particular in of particular importance are the species of bird which were finches the importance of which Darwin did not recognize at the time but he brought the specimen back with him to England and when these specimens were presented to the famous ordinary fellows John Goule

he announced that they were all finches and this really astonished Darwin because he had not thought of those specimens as connected at all he these birds were very different in shape and size and there was a huge range of variation between them so when Beagle returned to England in 1836.

Darwin began to assemble all the evidence that he had collected into a single coherent theory there were many things that he had noticed one of which was that the birds of Galapagos were all related and this argued that they once had a common ancestor similarly the fact that those tortoises came from different islands and you could tell that this total came from this island argued that they once had a common in system each family their eye from a common ancestor and that man himself was a member of the pigeon Club in London and he ran his own experiments on pigeon 

he could find that you could change a species over time as well as those characteristics were then on to their children with high chance variation under domestication and this was also the first chapter in Darwin's book on the origins of species in this chapter Darwin argued that humans have shown that we can selectively breed animals with desired features for example we could breed a horse that could run very fast and or we could breed a dog with beautiful tails so and to be able to do this all you do is that you grow randomly a bunch of animals and then you selectively choose the ones that have desired features, in the end, you breed them this was artificial selection so Darwin was pretty convinced that species could modify and change over time and that you could artificially select them to have desired 

characteristics but how did evolution work in nature how did a species change in nature because there was no artificial selection going on no one was picking them then how did species evolve over time and the answer to this came to Darwin after reading 

Thomas Malthus who was a famous economist his book called the essay on principle of population Malthus said that any species multiplied very fast they multiplied geometrically but the supply for food or other resources necessary for their survival either remain constant or increase slowly so eventually what happened is that when the species had multiplied so much the resources necessary for survival became scarce and what this meant is that all the individuals of the species would be fighting for their survival to get the limited resources and what this meant is that and Darwin.

now saw the matter clearly that this man that the species competed to eat to reproduce to avoid predators essentially there was a game going on to survive because the resources were limited and so what happened is the following if by random chance some individuals were born which made their chances of survival better they would survive and those characteristics 

would then be passed on to their children with a high chance and and that is how these characteristics would come to dominate the population oversight over several generations and this is when Darwin realized the natural selection the primary driver of evolution on the origins of species was the work of Charles Darwin that was published after almost a lifetime of Darwin's work that we knew that his theory was so mind-bending that that public would probably reject his hypothesis unless he made a very good case so he collected for almost 50 years evidence 

before he put together his book to understand how his theory and how evolution works let's assume certain facts one is that offspring of any species slightly vary for example siblings that are born to the same parents have slightly different heights they have slightly different eye colors fact number two animal characteristics are passed on with a very high chance to their children, for example, pay children off tall parents are likely to be tall and the resources necessary for survival are limited that several individuals of a species are fighting to get them under these circumstances we assume that natural selection kicks in that individual that are born by random chance

 I reiterate by random chance that makes them fit that make that make their chances slightly better they have a slightly better chance to survive or to win in this game and therefore they have a slightly better chance to reproduce and have off soon and because these characteristics are then passed on to their children the these characteristics which make them beneficial come to become to populate the majority but becomes the majority and this is how a species evolved for example take a look at a giraffe to let's say a giraffe who initially had a short neck and this is one of the theories

why giraffes have long neck is that initially giraffes used to have shorter neck but let's say they are born in an environment where fruits are high up in the tree if by random chance of giraffe is born that has a slightly taller neck then that giraffe will have a much better chance of survival while his peers will die out and that is and eventually his children will have two taller necks and this will continue to increase the long necks will continue to increase and there they have a company need to have an advantage over other people who are others struggling peers so next 

we'll continue to rise the further evidence for natural selection is the evolution of peppered moth in England and this has been studied greatly evolution generally works over millions of years but under certain circumstances such that when the environmental pressure is very strong it can occur at a much faster rate for example originally in England 

the moths were light-colored the majority of them and the this help them become this give them an advantage because think about this if they rested on a tree which was light-colored the dark-colored moth will appear out will stand out and will be eaten by the predator however the light-colored will be camouflaged successfully however during the Industrial Revolution what happened is that the light-colored plants died out and the trees became the dark by the suit by the population and this gave an advantage to the dark-colored and within a few decades the story completely changed upside-down the majority of the dark-colored moth became 98% in population

 all this is good but we have still not answered how do we have understood how a species evolve over time but what we have not yet talked about is that how does a monkey evolve into a human being how do how do species change so that they become a completely different species and the answer to that is that in that means view there was no fixity of species to species were just too different was just such that one a long time ago there were children of the same parents it just so happens is that a particulars what is the species a species is just a population of animals

 who can breed and they have an average set of characteristics and they are just variations on those average characteristics however over time these average characteristics can evolve if the environment changes if due to natural selection and evolution if however what happens is that due to some external factors these population is divided into two parts let's say a flood happens or the species migrate and then these two species 

which are distinctly located in different environments over time there will ran chout so much that they will eventually become to be as two distinct species and will no longer be able to breed with each other and that is one of the cases with the Apes and humans that we once were Apes it's just that our ancestor decided to move out of the tundra and walk on the ground that they became humans and the Apes in the jungle remained Apes so concluding there has been widespread opposition to the theory however it is part of science and it is accepted people, for example, asked questions such as if man evolved from monkeys why are monkeys still around and also they asked that why don't we see evolution around us why don't we see a dog evolving into a wolf or a monkey evolving into a man

 hopefully you now understand why these oppositions do not work of the three hypotheses that I discussed above science supports the third intelligent life can come to be from simple atoms on its own and the philosophical consequences of the theory of evolution are profound for example it rules out the nests the necessity of a creator may be around but it is not necessary to create life can come to be on its own by evolving under the laws of the universe the second thing which I found 

very interesting is that no matter who you are if you are listening to my lecture if we go back in time we will find that we once had a common ancestor and it doesn't matter even if you are a chimpanzee or a fish if we go back in time long in a v1 we will find that V once had a common mother and father all life on this planet is connected it can be said that if an alien species land on earth the stick with which they will measure how intelligent we are they will simply ask themselves well have humans have they figured out evolution here and by that measure we would have proved to be intelligent thank you ...

Wednesday, 13 November 2019

November 13, 2019

Biography of Jawaharlal Nehru

Biography of Jawaharlal Nehru

Biography of Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru, he was the first Prime Minister of India he was born in Allahabad United Provinces British Raj present-day Utter Pradesh India on 14 November 1889 his father's name was Madeleine Nehru and mother's name was sworn pranitha sue his father was a politician and Indian lawyer his mother was modeled, second wife.

He was the first of the three children of her parents Nehru received most of his primary education at home with the help of several tutors and governess at the age of sixteen nairas was enrolled at the Harrow school in England then he got admission at the Trinity College Cambridge after attaining his graduate degree Nehru enrolled himself at the ends of Court School of Law in 1910 and studied law in two years he passed his bar examination and was offered to be admitted to the English Bar.

 Nehru returned to his homeland in 1912 and started practicing law as a barrister at the AL at Haddad High Court he married Kamala call in February 8 1916 at the age of 26 his only daughter Indira Priyadarshini Nehru later Gandhi went on to become the first woman Prime Minister of the country in 1916 Najera first met Gandhi a relationship that turned to be one of a lifetime for the two with Gandhi as his mentor Nehru rose to prominence in the National Congress so much so that he was elected to the post of the general secretary of the Congress. 

Nehru not only contributed significantly to the National Movement in India but also gave the freedom struggle an international outlook in 1927 following the rejection of Gandhi's play and Nehru's presidency over the latter session of Congress in 1928 Nehru demanded complete independence this resolution made him one of the most significant leaders of the independence movement he along with Gandhi manifested limited civil disobedience and was jailed for the same in 1947 as India rejoiced the withdrawal of British from the Indian soil it suffered the pain of partition as the British had decided to partition the country into two India and Pakistan was formed on August 14th, 1947 and Nehru became the first Prime Minister of independent India from August 15th 1947 until May 27th 1964 Neru during his term as the prime minister brought forward radical changes in domestic international economic agricultural and social policies for the same

he established numerous institutions of higher learning to educate young India he included free and compulsory primary education to all children in his five-year plan throughout Nehru's reign Kashmir remained of subject of contention as both India and Pakistan wanted to include the state in their country Pakistan in 1948 even made an attempt at seizing Kashmir by force but failed in their attempt it was during his time that the Portuguese left Goa and the region became a part of India he was referred to as the architect of modern India Nehru was bestowed with the Barret Ratna award in 1955 India's highest civilian honor he died in New Delhi India on 27 May 1964 at the age of 74 without peace all other dreams vanish and are reduced to ashes said, Jawaharlal Nehru.

Biography of Jawaharlal Nehru

Children's Day

Children's Day is celebrated on different dates in many countries however in India it is celebrated on 14th of November every year to commemorate the birthday of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru actually the 14th of November is the birth anniversary of the Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru which is celebrated as the Children's Day every year all over the India 1st of June is celebrated as the International Children's Day.

whereas 20th of November is Universal Children's Day Pt Jawaharlal Nehru was a true friend of the children he loved to talk and play with children he was the Prime Minister of India however loved to remain among children by following his all the political responsibilities towards country he was very warm-hearted person always inspired and motivated children to be patriotic and happy citizen of the country children used to call him as Chacha Nehru because of his love and affection.

He was very fond of the roses and children all through his life once he said that children are like the buds in the garden he was very concerned about the condition of the children of the country as he understood children as the future of the country he wanted that children should be nurtured by the parents very carefully and lovingly for bright future of the country he understood children as the real strength of the country he loved children of both sexes equally and believed in giving equal opportunities to both for the actual development of the nation his genuine love for the children became the reason of getting an endearing name as ChaCha Nehru in order to pay him a tribute his birth anniversary is celebrated as children's day all over India'.

After his death in 1964 it is celebrated by organizing variety of activities such as singing drama play dancing essay writing storytelling speech quiz competitions etc celebrating children's day memorizes us about the importance of children in making the future of the country this celebration make a call to every Indian citizen to protect the little ones from all harms by providing better childhood nowadays children are being victim of many social evils like drug child abuse alcohol sex hard labor violence etc they are forced to earn little money for hard work in the very small age they remain away from the healthy life parents love education and other childhood happiness

Children's Day celebration helps us to think again and again about the status of children in the country children of the valuable asset of the nation as well as the future and hope of tomorrow so they should get proper care and love thank you.

Monday, 11 November 2019

November 11, 2019

A short story of Christmas eve

Short story of Christmas

A short story of Christmas 

I'll tell you the most wonderful story of them all the birth of Jesus Christ the Christmas story about 2,000 years ago in a small town called Nazareth there was a little house where lived a young Jewish girl named Mary she was not married but she was going to be real soon to a good man named Joseph well one day something amazing happened an angel of the Lord Gabriel a very important angel appeared to Mary 

who are you I am Gabriel don't be afraid Mary you have found favor with God he loves you very much God has sent me here to tell you that soon you'll have a son huh me my son yes as son he will be called Jesus he will be great and will be called the son of God Mary was very obedient and she said I am the handmaid of the Lord may God do with me as he wants to Mary wanted to do just as God told her to do just near the time Mary was about to have her baby the Roman Emperor sent soldiers to announce a new Lord okay listen, everyone, Emperor Caesar Augustus says that all of you need to pay some taxes now and register for census so Mary and Joseph made their way to Bethlehem because that's where 

Joseph had to pay taxes it was about 65 miles from Nazareth to Bethlehem and the trip took many many days and when they reached Bethlehem guess what happened all the places ruffle all the ends were full marry you wait here to make yourself comfortable by then I will try to find a suitable place for us to stay Joseph kept knocking and knocking, again and again, he had been looking and looking for a place to stay amiri was about to have a baby well I have tried almost all the ends and it looks like all of them are full dear Mary how do you feel I am very tired Joseph but please don't worry I am sure God will provide a place for us poor Joseph and Mary were so tired and didn't know what to do Oh God tell me what to do help me I have no idea no clue it's sad that Mary and Joseph had no place to stay no place to go a place no one would have expected the Son of God to be born in it wasn't a palace not some castle not in a fancy building either God's son was born in a humble small stable I'll go and get some fresh hay where you can sleep comfortably tonight that night Jesus was born and oh it was a wonderful night big star shining in the sky there was no crib so they laid baby Jesus in a manger it was full of fresh 

hey I made it a little comfortable for the baby near Bethlehem that night there were some Shepherds keeping watch over their flocks of sheep when suddenly an angel appeared to them I have good news for you there is a savior who has been born what really what Savior can we see him where is he the angel told them where to find him the Shepherd's was so excited and happy they ran to the stable and found Jesus there just as the angel had told them after they had seen Jesus they spread the news and everyone who heard was in wonder in wonder just like you are doesn't it sound magical tofu so magical and fun tear I am happy the Angels took care of them all Joseph Mary and baby Jesus thank you.

Sunday, 10 November 2019

November 10, 2019

The real story of Nikola tesla

the real story of nikola tesla

 Nikola tesla 

The human mind is truly an incredible thing, capable of speech, thought, critical thinking, and imagination. When we think of the great legendary minds of this world, we think of the brilliance of people like Einstein. He taught us many things about the low-level rules that govern our universe, fundamental things like time, space and matter, but in terms of practical discoveries that are the basis for the technologies we use each and every day, it was Nikola Tesla

Who was the most brilliant of all? He had a mind of the rarest kind. He can memorize entire books and visualize inventions with pinpoint accuracy. Once he had the concept of an invention fully visualized, he then undertook the hard work of bringing it to reality. In comparison, most other scientists and engineers are unwittingly narrow-minded in their thinking. 

How is it that such a man exists vaguely in the public consciousness, only as a fuzzy haze of distant knowledge? Today, let's change that. In this video, you'll learn all about Nikola Tesla and the way he changed the world you live in now. Let's begin. Tesla of Serbian heritage was born in 1856 in a small village within the Austrian Empire or modern-day Croatia. Tesla's birth was during a particularly violent lightning storm. Reading this as a bad omen, the midwife said to Tesla's mother that Tesla would be a child of darkness. Tesla's mom immediately replied: "No, he will be a child of light." As we'll see later, this statement was significant. From an early age, it was clear that Tesla was a remarkable kid. 

While in high school, he had the ability to perform integral calculus in his head. It was so unusual that his teachers thought he was cheating. Tesla also possessed an eidetic memory, which means he could recall entire books and images in great detail — a gift which he attributes to his mother. He allegedly used his imagination to temper visions and vivid nightmares that he had as a child. Unsurprisingly, Tesla finished high school early. At age 17 though, Tesla had a brush with death after contracting cholera in which he pleaded he might live if his father let him study engineering instead of the planned path of a priest, or a career in the army. 

Tesla's father agreed. Despite being bedridden and incredibly ill at the time, to the astonishment of his family, he miraculously recovered. Keeping true to his agreement, Tesla's father allowed the teenager to study engineering at university. And the course of history would be changed forever at that moment. During University in Austria, at age 21, Tesla got the highest grades possible, could speak eight languages and was called a star student of the first rank by the University's dean. Tesla claimed to work from 3:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m. daily. And because of this, professors wrote a letter to Tesla's father stating that his son may be killed due to overwork. At the end of his second year, things took a turn. 

Tesla lost his scholarship and became addicted to gambling, and by his third year, Tesla had gambled away his entire allowance and tuition money. He did, however, manage to gamble back the losses and return the balance back to his family, but the damage to his studies had been done. When exam time came around, Tesla was unprepared and asked for an extension to study, but he was denied. He never graduated from the university and did not receive grades for his last semester. In December of 1878, to hide the fact that he had dropped out of university, Tesla cut all ties with his family. 

It was so sudden that his friends had thought he had drowned in a river in North Croatia. In 1880, he moved to Budapest and then finally to America with just four cents in his pocket. After taking up a few odd jobs here and there, Tesla began his work for Thomas Edison at conscience Edison company, in 1882. Here's a word on Edison: Many people today consider Thomas Edison as the father of the light bulb, but he was more along the lines of the Steve Jobs of the light bulb. That is, Edison figured out how to sell the light bulb by improving on ideas of 22 other men before him. Thomas Edison went on to found General Electric, which I also have a video on, so if you want to see that, check the description below. Okay, so back to this story. In 1885, Tesla said that he could redesign Edison's DC motors and generators which were very inefficient at the time, and had a tendency to spark and break down.

 Edison liked the idea and offered Tesla 1 million US dollars in today's currency for the job. Tesla got to work and did as he was promised, fixing all the problems with the motors. The new motors and generators were now simpler, didn't spark, and were much more reliable. In fact, Tesla's design was so good that it still used today for the motors that power anything from household appliances to water pumps, power tools, disk drives, smartphone haptics feedback systems, and, of course, the Tesla electric car. 

When Tesla had completed this job and asked for the money, Edison laughed and stated: "Mr.Tesla, you do not understand our American humor." Tesla had just been ripped off big time and left Edison's company. He'd had enough. Meanwhile, at this time, something monumental was happening: the electrical revolution was just about to take place. Electricity was the next big thing to change the entire planet. It created an investment startup bubble, much greater than the fever that was the dot-com bubble of the 1990s. Billion-dollar industries arose out of nowhere, and the American economy was lifted into an enhanced growth period that would last for decades. 

This was due to sudden quantum leaps in manufacturing, household technology, and general efficiency of work. Work and life were simply easier. We simply just can't comprehend this change today. Why you might be asking. Because everyone alive today was born with electricity. The sheer magnitude of technological change that resulted from household electricity was truly astonishing So, after being cheated by Edison, Tesla decided to put his energy into joining the electric revolution in the form of the research of alternating current, or AC. 

While he searched for financial backers to support his vision of an AC powered world, Tesla took up a job of digging ditches for $2 a day, or $50 in today's currency to make ends meet. He described this period as very painful. Tesla eventually struck up a partnership with Westinghouse. This would put him in direct competition with Edison and his direct current or DC system backed by General Electric. Edison's DC system created dangerous sparks, couldn't transmit electricity very far, required a power plant every few kilometers with cables as thick as your arm. In other words, it was pretty terribly suited to power every home on this planet. 

Tesla's AC system, on the other hand, used thinner wires, had higher voltages, and could transmit electricity over long distances. The fight was on, and the prize for the winner was the privilege of lighting up the entire world. By 1893, there had been many shady business deals, stolen ideas, and patent suppression that Edison and his money interests wielded over Tesla's inventions. The feud had reached boiling point, and with this, the war of the currents had reached its peak. Deep down, Edison knew that his system was inferior to Teslas. But, of course, he didn't want the public to know this. He needed a way to make the public despise AC and accept DC. But how? Families living near Edison's laboratory began to notice something a little strange. 

Their pets suddenly began to disappear These mysterious disappearances weren't the work of aliens, but of a group of schoolboys paid 25 cents for each animal that they stole. This was Edison's solution. Once Edison gathered the cats, dogs, and other animals from the schoolboys, he publicly electrocuted them using Tesla's AC current to prove that it was dangerous, too dangerous to be used in any home. In addition to this, Edison aided in the creation of the electric chair making sure that it used AC current. Tesla responded to all of this by demonstrating that AC was perfectly safe by famously shooting electric current through his own body to produce light at the 1893 World Fair. This was a checkmate to Edison and a symbolic turning point. 

As the years went on, AC increased in popularity and became the standard due to its technical advantages. As a result of his inventions, Tesla was shot into the stratosphere of stardom, rubbing shoulders with the most important people of the day. He was universally loved by citizens because he helped to make their lives easier. From arriving with just four cents in his pocket to now have unprecedented fame, things have certainly changed for Tesla, and his brilliance and hard work had paid off for him. Meanwhile, Edison became more and more despised by others within General Electric and eventually lost control of the company after a series of mergers with all of that being said, to give Edison some credit, he did invent the phonograph and motion the picture camera, so he also has contributed greatly to society. 

During the War of the currents, Tesla designed AC motors, generators, transformers, and power transmission technologies, resulting in 25 of the most valuable patents since the invention of the telephone. These designs were so good that we still use them today in all the systems that power our homes, a fact which we take for granted. This in itself was an incredible achievement by Tesla, but he was just getting started. Over the next few years, Tesla would invent a few foundational technologies that drove the 20th century and still hold relevance today. 

We'll take a look at that in a second, but before we do, I think it's time for a quick break, so grab a bite to eat get comfortable, readjust, and we'll be back in a bit okay so we are back let's take a look at the many things that Tesla discovered or invented but sometimes didn't fully get credit for number one Radio many people mistakenly think that glamma Marconi was the inventor of radio to this day however his work was based on the work done by Nikola Tesla Tesla theorized that radio waves could transmit information as far back as 1893 in lecture demonstrations in 1898 Tesla demonstrated a radio-controlled boat which he dubbed telly automation that kind of sounds pretty standard today but you have to understand that this was 1898 the crowd that witnessed.

The demonstration was so shocked that they literally claimed Tesla was using magic telepathy or had a trained monkey hidden inside controlling the boat when Marconi became world famous for sending the first transatlantic message Tesla said the following Marconi is a good fellow let him continue he is using 17 of my patents number to x-ray this one's a pretty interesting story x-rays were discovered by Tesla before Wilhelm röntgen was credited with the discovery in fact Tesla took the very first x-ray photos for some reason after Wilhelm claimed discovery it was believed that x-rays could cure blindness and other ailments despite Tesla warning that x-rays could be dangerous Edison tested it on one of his employees Clarence Dulli who after having his arms amputated eventually died from cancer Edison also fired x-rays into his own eyes during experiments when questioned about it in 1903 Edison said don't talk to me about x-rays I'm afraid of them number three hydro electricity Tesla designed the first hydroelectric plant that was powerful enough to light a city at Niagara Falls proving to the world that waterfalls could make a practical energy source on a large scale a lot of people told him that it wouldn't but Tesla had already envisioned how a generator could harness energy from moving water when he was still a child people were shocked but also delighted to see his vision power whole major US cities number four the earthquake machine.

Tesla created a little pocket-sized machine that when placed on a building in wall street and set to the building's natural frequency made the structure wobble so much that steel workers came down to the ground in a panic believing that there must have been an earthquake when the police were called Tesla put the device back in his pocket and walked away test the claim that if he had ten minutes more he could have laid that building to the ground and using the same device could have dropped the Brooklyn Bridge in less than one hour Tesla also figured out the resonant frequency of the earth 50 years before the technology allowed scientists to catch up with his discovery and lastly the Tesla Tower so far the previous inventions were all things that made it to reality but one of Tesla's most ambitious projects was actually a failure although now it's become a Tesla legend forever romanticized I'm of course talking about the famous Wardenclyffe Tower otherwise known as the Tesla Tower set to deliver free energy to the world by using the Earth's ionosphere as part of the transmission device or was it the story goes that financial backer JP Morgan shut the project down when he discovered it wouldn't make any money this isn't entirely true that Tesla had actually sold the project to Morgan as a wireless communications tower not as a means of producing or transmitting energy the financial backing from JP Morgan was only pulled when Marconi sent the first radio waves across the Atlantic making Morgan change his mind the project dragged on without Morgan and ran way over time and ridiculously over budget until it finally collapsed aside from this what in science today says that the Tesla tower wouldn't have worked this is mainly due to technicalities such as energy loss during transmission and Tesla's misunderstanding of the physics of radio waves this was Tesla's first major failure which brought him great shame this would set him on a downward path that eventually led to the decline of the legend more on this later in the video all right so we're almost at the end of the video but before we begin to conclude let's take a look at four facts about Tesla number one Tesla loved humanity as a humanist Tesla believed in improving the quality of human life but not for financial gains he is a quote from Tesla himself money doesn't mean as much to me as it does to others all my money has gone into inventions to make man's life a little easier number two Tesla envisioned a wireless Internet in 1901.

while Tesla was developing the transatlantic radio he envisioned a system of collecting information encoding it and broadcasting that information to a handheld device this is basically what we have now as the mobile internet on our phones pretty impressive for site for 1901 number 3 Tesla actually lost everything at one stage as Tesla was working tirelessly and discovering many things about wireless energy transfer his lab burnt down in a fire forcing him to start his entire life's work all over again number 4 Tesla may have had obsessive compulsive behavior and insomnia Tesla claimed that he only needed two hours of sleep a night it's unclear whether that was because he wanted to or because he couldn't actually sleep any more than that Tesla was also obsessed with the number three and used 18 napkins to clean his dining room before eating his evening meals he also detested round objects jewelry shaking hands and touching hair as you can tell by that last fact being such a genius and having a mind that was activated to such a high degree came with some consequences his great mind became his downfall Tesla's life story of rise to international prestige and fame was followed by an equally dramatic retreat into public shame depression and loneliness denial of his failures starting with the Tesla Tower led to further failure and further denial a downward spiral which eventually led Tesla to a mental breakdown by the latter part of his life he was clinically insane Tesla hallucinating to such an extent that the boundaries between reality and his imagination became blur this caused him to work alone in this lab tirelessly he often stated that his lab was the only place where he was truly happy as an example of his mental condition he is a quote from one of Nikola Tesla's final interviews .

I have been feeding pigeons thousands of them for years but there was one pigeon a beautiful bird pure white with light gray tips on the wings that one was different no matter where I was that pigeon would find me when I wanted her I had only to wish and call her and she would come flying to me I loved that pigeon I loved her as much as a man loves a woman and she loves me then one night as I was lying in my bed in the dark solving problems, as usual, she flew through the open window and stood at my desk and knew she wanted to tell me something important so I got up and went to her as I looked at her and you she wanted to tell me she was dying and then as I got her message there came a light from her eyes powerful beams of light I don't think there's anything else to say there over his lifetime Tesla had obtained more than 100 patents and 700 inventions but despite all of this he was dirt poor for many years he worked alone in this room at the hotel New Yorker

 where he died in 1943 living on a diet of milk and Nabisco crackers so a lot of you would be asking how did this happen how did Tesla end up so poor it is true Tesla could have been the world's first billionaire by a longshot but he just really didn't care about money he is an example after the War of the currents Westinghouse was in trouble they were almost bankrupt and about to go under so Westinghouse pleaded with Tesla to temporarily cut back his royalties just so the Westinghouse company could get through this tough time and survive shockingly.

Tesla ripped up the contract right there and then on the spot this would have amounted to three hundred billion dollars for Tesla Tesla simply stated that he was just happy that Westinghouse believed in him when no one else would I guess having a huge part in changing the world was enough of a reward in itself for him the rest of the remaining money that Tesla had accumulated over his life all got spent on numerous failed projects such as the Tesla Tower Tesla's ideas helped America grow into an industrial nation and a powerhouse of the 20th century yet his marginalization was prevalent then and continues today he is almost non-existent if you look through many of today's text books this is mainly because Tesla did not care about profit fame or fortune he only wanted to make the world a better place this was the polar opposite of most of the businessmen of that day who unfortunately took advantage of Tesla's nature profiting from his work and leaving him with nothing it could be a lesson to us all have the purest intentions but stand up for yourself and know your to finish off he is one last quote from Tesla the present is theirs the future for which I have really worked is mine and that is the story of Nikola Tesla thanks for readding.